On a recent shopping trip to a large department store, my wife and I noticed a Wi-Fi-enabled Crock-Pot. Given that my wife was a busy teacher and elementary-school administrator and I was a busy orthodontist while we raised a large family, Crock-Pot cookery has been a mainstay of our household, allowing us to have hot, nutritious meals ready when we got home from work. But we were both a little puzzled as to why any Crock-Pot would need Wi-Fi capability. On closer investigation, we found that the Wi-Fi allows the user to monitor and control the cooking vessel from miles away, using a smartphone. It made me realize just how far into the digital age we are.
It gives me substantial pleasure to introduce my friend and colleague, Dr. Mauro Cozzani, as our current Master Clinician. A number of years ago, shortly after I was named Editor of JCO, I was invited to lecture in the Department of Orthodontics at the University of Ferrara, Italy. I eventually made several trips to Italy and, during the course of my visits, gained a deep appreciation for the country, its customs, and, especially, the people (not to mention the food and wine!). I met many highly capable orthodontists, but one who stands out as singularly impressive is Dr. Cozzani. In the years since I first met him, he has been a frequent contributor to the pages of JCO and other international orthodontic publications, having published more than 80 papers.
The popularity of clear aligners has grown rapidly over the past two decades due to the demand for an esthetic and comfortable alternative to conventional fixed appliances. The effectiveness of aligner treatment, however, is still up for debate. A systematic review by Rossini and colleagues, focused on the predictability of orthodontic tooth movement with aligners, found only 11 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Among all the tooth movements covered in this study, the most predictable was bodily distalization.
Common signs and symptoms of TMD include masticatory muscle pain, TMJ sounds, limited mouth opening, and deviations in mandibular movements. Treatment generally involves some combination of occlusal splints, physiotherapy, relaxation therapy, pharmacological intervention, arthroscopic surgery, education, and behavioral counseling. One randomized controlled trial indicated that an occlusal deprogramming splint is more effective than other methods in treating TMD, although another study produced contradictory results.
Anterior open bite is attributable to a combination of skeletal, dental, soft-tissue, and habitual factors. Retained infantile swallowing and tongue-thrust habits are the main causes, but other possibilities include unfavorable growth, heredity, pacifiers and digital habits, enlarged lymphatic tissue, and improper tongue function and posture. Treatment strategies aimed at these different etiologies include behavior modification, orthodontic correction alone, and various combinations of orthodontic and orthopedic or orthodontic and surgical correction.
Many patients in the mixed dentition exhibit both maxillary constriction and a severe overbite. This article describes a simple modification of a Haas-type expander that can achieve simultaneous transverse and vertical correction, permitting earlier bracketing of the lower incisors. NEAL D. KRAVITZ, DMD, MS, Associate Editor for Pearls
Congenitally missing upper lateral incisors are among the most common tooth-agenesis abnormalities.1 Treatment options generally involve space opening for implants or fixed bridges2,3 or space closure...
Dr. R.G. "Wick" Alexander is well known to JCO readers as a long-time member of our editorial board and a regular contributor. He has spoken practically everywhere orthodontic lectures are given. Furthermore, as a professor at several universities, Dr. Alexander has helped form the diagnostic, treatment-planning, and clinical skills of myriad orthodontic students. His clinical philosophy has attracted a worldwide following under the moniker of the Alexander Discipline, with its concomitant technique and appliance, the Vari-Simplex Discipline.
Click here to download a PDF of the Product News column for January 2017.See also the Online Product News page of our website for a searchable database of published Product News items for the past sev...
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