CASE REPORT

Lower First-Molar Extractions and Directional Forces in High-Angle Class III Treatment

A young patient with a skeletal Class III malocclusion was successfully treated without surgery after extraction of the lower first molars. Precise mechanics are recommended to achieve optimal force control and long-term stability in such cases.

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DR. IVAN TOSHIO MARUO DDS, JD, MSD, PhD

DR. IVAN TOSHIO MARUO DDS, JD, MSD, PhD

DR. FABRICIO FERNANDES DDS

DR. FABRICIO FERNANDES DDS

DR. HIROSHI MARUO DDS, MSD, PhD

DR.  HIROSHI MARUO DDS, MSD, PhD

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