JCO Journal of Clinical Orthodontics
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Class II Therapy with a Combination of Customized Lingual Appliances and the Forsus Device

VOLUME 47 : NUMBER 08 : PAGES (464-470) 2013

CON O'KEEFFE, BDS, LDS, MMedSc Orth, DOrth RCS

MARY E. O'KEEFFE, BDSc, MFDS RCS

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Adults seek orthodontic treatment primarily for esthetic reasons, which explains the rapid development in more cosmetic appliance systems in recent years. Although lingual brackets became popular in the 1980s, their use declined rapidly after clinicians encountered difficulties with the technique and appliance design.

To address some of these problems, Wiechmann designed the first "completely customized lingual appliance" (CCLA), the ...

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