JCO Journal of Clinical Orthodontics
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Upper-Incisor Root Control with Invisalign Appliances

VOLUME 47 : NUMBER 06 : PAGES (346-351) 2013

TOMMASO CASTROFLORIO, DDS, PHD

FRANCESCO GARINO, MD, DO

ALBERTO LAZZARO

CESARE DEBERNARDI, MD, DDS

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In defining the ideal orthodontic appliance, Proffit wrote that it "must meet certain basic design criteria: it (1) should not interfere with function; (2) should cause no harm to the oral tissues or interfere with the maintenance of good oral hygiene; (3) should be as light and inconspicuous as possible, yet sufficiently strong to withstand masticatory forces and a reasonable amount of abuse; (4) must be firmly retained in position; (5) must be capable of exerting an approp...

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