JCO Journal of Clinical Orthodontics
About JCO Archive Subscribe Marketplace Forum Continuing Education Product News Classifieds Submissions Contact Us Login
Back Search Archive List Issue Contents Print Article
Online Archive
Figures Tables References Footnotes Help

Self-Ligation in the Year 2000

VOLUME 34 : NUMBER 02 : PAGES (74-81) 2000

JEFF BERGER, BDS, DOrth

Previous ArticleNext Article

The first self-ligating bracket, the Russell attachment, was developed by a New York orthodontic pioneer, Dr. Jacob Stolzenberg, in the early 1930s. This bracket had a flat-head screw seated snugly in a circular, threaded open­ing in the face of the bracket (). For the orthodontist, archwire changes were quick and simple. The horizontal screw could be loosened or tightened with a small watchrepair screw­driver to obtain the desired tooth movement. Loosening allo...

This is only a preview of the article:

Copyright (C) 1999 - 2014, JCO Privacy Policy 303-443-1720 info@jco-online.com