JCO Journal of Clinical Orthodontics
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Torque in the Base vs. Torque in the Face

VOLUME 25 : NUMBER 10 : PAGES (608-610) 1991

ALBERT H. OWEN III, DDS, MSD

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Bracket design is the cornerstone of clinical efficiency. However, the multitude of current bracket configurations attests to the elusiveness of the ideal bracket.

Torque in the base is said by Andrews to be a prerequisite for a fully programmed appliance--that is, one that produces acceptable results without archwire bends, assuming the brackets are placed correctly (). Manufacturers have claimed that state-of-the-art casting or sintering techniques pr...

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